To resolve the initial pair of research concerns concerning the prevalence of nonheterosexual material on tv, we utilized episode-level information ( ag e.g., percentages of episodes containing same-sex behavior that is sexual containing speak about intercourse pertaining free live cam and chat to nonheterosexuals) and chi-square analyses to examine between-group distinctions by using these nominal information. For the 2nd pair of research questions, we used just those demonstrates that included nonheterosexual intimate content and evaluated their regularity across 2-minute periods ( e.g., quantity of periods each hour of system time with nonheterosexual intimate talk). For these analyses, we utilized t-tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) to try team differences. Significant omnibus F-tests had been followed up with post hoc comparisons utilizing Tamhane’s T2 test, which will not assume cell that is equal or equal variance, to spot significant distinctions across teams.
Prevalence of Nonheterosexual Sexual Information
About one in six programs inside our examples included any sexual content (behavior or talk) linked to nonheterosexuals. Dining Table 1 shows the portion of indicates that contained any same-sex behavior that is sexual any intimate talk associated with nonheterosexuals by system genres, by variety of community, and also by time of day aired. For system kind, the 11 channels had been categorized into certainly one of three categories: commercial broadcast (including the 3 major sites ABC, CBS, and NBC in addition to Fox, UPN, and WB), cable music activity (including BET and MTV), and premium cable film (including Cinemax, HBO, and Showtime). With regards to period of time broadcast, had been classified as prime-time.
Dining Table 1
Note: Within types of community and period of day aired, percentages into the column that is same don’t share subscripts differ at p Table 1 ). More often than not, there clearly was a high level of communication from a genre’s general ratings for same-sex behavior that is sexual speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems. Furthermore, genres’ standings on both these factors had been fairly stable over the two tv periods.
Three genres had been regularly lower in both kinds of nonheterosexual sexual content: Children’s cartoons (none of which included behavior that is intimate intimate talk associated with nonheterosexuals in a choice of 12 months), news publications . 3 Genres that had a tendency to have the best proportions of programs with nonheterosexual content had been variety/comedy and feature movie. Made-for-TV films and programs classified as вЂњotherвЂќ also had fairly high proportions with nonheterosexual intimate content; nonetheless, both these categories included just only a few programs ), rendering it tough to draw conclusions about them. Therefore, although we consist of these second two genres when you look at the tables, we usually do not emphasize the findings related to them.
Note: Within kind of community and time of day aired, means when you look at the column that is same don’t share subscripts vary at p 1 For simplicity of presentation, we utilize the term вЂњnonheterosexualвЂќ to refer collectively to any or all people whose intimate orientation is certainly not solely heterosexual, including homosexual men, lesbians, and bisexuals of either intercourse.
2 one other behavior that is sexual had been utilized to recapture other forms of intimate tasks that failed to belong to the categories specified flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse implied, and sexual intercourse depicted including low-level intimate functions such as for example leering to high-level intimate functions such as for example masturbation and bondage and control.
4 Because our examples consist of programs from both commercial broadcast and cable companies, we utilized a typical product quantity of 2-minute periods per hour of system time in the place of amount of 2-minute periods per 1-hour show to evaluate the regularity of intimate behavior and discuss sex linked to nonheterosexuals. This makes up about the fact commercials significantly lower the amount of system content on broadcast networks to about 22 two-minute periods in an one-hour system, whereas 1-hour cable programs routinely have about 30 two-minute periods.